What are 3 clinical manifestations of hydrocephalus in an infant?

A full or bulging soft spot on the top of your baby's head (fontanel) Increasing head size (circumference) Seizures. Bulging eyes and not being able to look up when facing forward.

What clinical manifestation suggests hydrocephalus in infants?

The most obvious sign of hydrocephalus in infants is a rapid increase in head circumference or an unusually large head size . Other symptoms may include seizures, vomiting, sleepiness, irritability, or eyes that constantly gaze downward.

What is the manifestations of hydrocephalus?

Among adults 60 years of age and older, the more common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus are: Loss of bladder control or a frequent urge to urinate . Memory loss . Progressive loss of other thinking or reasoning skills

What signs or symptoms would the nurse assess in an infant with hydrocephalus?

Clinical Manifestations

  • Poor feeding. The infant with hydrocephalus has trouble in feeding due to the difficulty of his condition.
  • Large head. An excessively large head at birth is suggestive of hydrocephalus.
  • Bulging of the anterior fontanelles. ...
  • Setting sun sign. ...
  • High-pitched cry. ...
  • Irritability. ...
  • Projectile vomiting.

What happens when a baby has hydrocephalus?

The impact of hydrocephalus on a newborn is somewhat unpredictable and can vary in severity. Because it injures the brain, children with hydrocephalus may have epilepsy, learning disabilities , short-term memory loss, problems with coordination, vision problems, and early onset of puberty.

What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus in infants?

Signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus in babies and children can include:

  • fussiness.
  • tiredness.
  • poor appetite.
  • vomiting.
  • eyes that stay looking down.
  • slowed development.

Do babies with hydrocephalus survive?

Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.

Do babies with hydrocephalus grow into their heads?

Infants diagnosed with acquired hydrocephalus usually have an abnormally large head . This is due to the fluid that accumulates in the brain. Once infants are treated with a shunt or another procedure designed to drain this excess fluid, their head size will be the same size as other children.

How does a baby get hydrocephalus?

There is no one cause for the type of hydrocephalus babies are born with. It may be linked to a genetic defect or a complication of another disorder, such as spina bifida or encephaloceles. Children may also develop hydrocephalus after birth as a complication of: premature birth.

Can babies with hydrocephalus look normal?

A baby with hydrocephalus has extra cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) around the brain. The baby's head may look larger than normal . This is a rare condition.